More than two centuries have passed, the historic site of Dong Da mound in Quang Trung ward, Dong Da district, Hanoi is still preserved almost intact despite the rapid urbanization rate.
Every year, on the 5th day of the Lunar New Year every year, the Dong Da mound festival, one of the great early spring festivals of Hanoi capital, commemorating Emperor Quang Trung and the victory of Ngoc Hoi – Dong Da is held again. office.
Dong Da mound festival consists of two parts: the “festival” part and the “festival” part. On the morning of the festival, dignitaries and elders in the village gathered to prepare for the great ceremony. Near 12 noon, the indispensable ritual is the process of fire dragon procession from Khuong Thuong village to Dong Da mound.
Young people in the two villages of Dong Quang and Khuong Thuong race to braid straw bows into big dragons, decorate their fins and tails with mocha, paper mache. Around the fire dragon, young men wearing the same costumes walked around the procession, performing the martial arts to recreate the heroic battle of the Tay Son army with the Thanh invaders. After the fire dragon procession, the incense offering ceremony, the reading ceremony, the sacrifice ceremony took place at Khuong Thuong communal house, and the praying ceremony took place at Dong Quang pagoda.
After the offering (usually a floor of sticky rice with oats, a tray of pigs’ heads, a tray of chickens, betel nut wine, gold incense, etc.), the five bows of the three crowns (the ritual of the king’s sacrifice), two drum beats of the bell, and the permission of the gods are performed. , kings, generals are in the guild.
The festival attracts the public with folk games (lion dance, dragon dance, wrestling, human chess, cock fighting), art performances, martial arts of Hanoi and Binh Dinh, and traditional wrestling furnaces. famous in the whole country – the hometown of the hero Quang Trung – Nguyen Hue.
At the end of the festival, people go to Dong Quang pagoda (opposite Dong Da mound), Boc pagoda (near Quang Trung’s temple) to volunteer, cook porridge, burn incense to pray for the souls of the dead.
As the early spring festival, the Dong Da mound festival has a special significance, because this is the festival that preserves the pride of the resilience of the whole nation, held to commemorate the illustrious feat. of King Quang Trung – the hero “peach cloth shirt” in the history of the nation’s fight against foreign invaders.
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